Born in the USSR follows the lives of people who grew up in the Soviet Union. They give an insight into Russian life.

Type: Documentary

Languages: English

Status: To Be Determined

Runtime: 75 minutes

Premier: 1991-05-28

Born in the USSR - Poles in the Soviet Union - Netflix

The Polish minority in the Soviet Union refers to people of Polish descent who used to reside in the Soviet Union before its 1991 dissolution (in the Autumn of Nations), and who live in post-Soviet, sovereign countries of Europe and Asia as their significant minorities at present time, including the Kresy macroregion (Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine), Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan among others.

Born in the USSR - 1917–1920 - Netflix

Millions of Poles lived within the Russian Empire following the military Partitions of Poland throughout the 19th century. As Austria, Germany, and Russia took over Polish lands during World War I, many Poles were evacuated or ran away with retreating Russian troops. As the Russian Revolution of 1917 began in Petrograd, followed by the Russian Civil War, the majority of the Polish population saw cooperation with the Bolshevik forces as betrayal and treachery to Polish national interests. Polish writer and philosopher Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz lived through the Russian Revolution while in St. Petersburg. What he saw, had a profound effect on his works, many of which display themes of the horrors of Bolshevism he witnessed. Among the many Polish victims of the revolution was the father of Polish eminent composer Witold Lutosławski, Marian Lutosławski and his brother Józef, murdered in Moscow in 1918 as alleged “counter-revolutionaries”. There were also people of Polish background associated with the communist movement, though very minor and usually they were of Jewish descent rather than ethnic Polish. Famous revolutionaries include Konstantin Rokossovsky, Julian Marchlewski, Karol Świerczewski and Felix Dzerzhinsky, founder of the Cheka secret police which would later turn into the NKVD. However, according to their ideology they did not identify as Poles or with Poland, and members of the communist party viewed themselves as Soviet citizens without any national sentiments. They were also equally viewed by Poles as betrayers to their people and nation. The Soviet Union also “organized” Polish units in the Red Army and a Polish Communist government-in-exile, however these organisations were Polish in name only and led by non-Poles, Russians in the case of the “Polish Army”. Provisional Polish Revolutionary Committee was created in 1920 but failed to control Poland.

Born in the USSR - References - Netflix